Mutations in python -HackerRank solution
We have seen that lists are mutable (they can be changed), and tuples are immutable (they cannot be changed).
Let’s try to understand this with an example.
You are given an immutable string, and you want to make changes to it.
>>> string = "abracadabra"
You can access an index by:
>>> print string a
What if you would like to assign a value?
>>> string = 'k' Traceback (most recent call last): File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module> TypeError: 'str' object does not support item assignment
How would you approach this?
- One solution is to convert the string to a list and then change the value.
>>> string = "abracadabra" >>> l = list(string) >>> l = 'k' >>> string = ''.join(l) >>> print string abrackdabra
- Another approach is to slice the string and join it back.
>>> string = string[:5] + "k" + string[6:] >>> print string abrackdabra
Read a given string, change the character at a given index and then print the modified string.
Complete the mutate_string function in the editor below.
mutate_string has the following parameters:
- string string: the string to change
- int position: the index to insert the character at
- string character: the character to insert
- string: the altered string
The first line contains a string, string.
The next line contains an integer position, the index location and a string , separated by a character space.
STDIN Function ----- -------- abracadabra s = 'abracadabra' 5 k position = 5, character = 'k'
#Mutations in python hackerrank solution def mutate_string(string, position, character): return string[:position]+character+string[position+1:] if __name__ == '__main__': s = raw_input() i, c = raw_input().split() s_new = mutate_string(s, int(i), c) print s_new #Mutations in python hackerrank solution